The United States is a leading player in the global oil and gas industry and the world's largest producer and exporter of natural gas. In 2017, the US was the second largest oil producer, behind Saudi Arabia and ahead of Russia and China.
Here are some things you might not know about oil and gas in America, and what's happening in today's industry. America's oil and gas will come, as will the impact of climate change on the future of the US energy sector.
Edwin Drake built the first commercial oil well in Titusville, Pennsylvania, drilling to a depth of 69.5 feet and releasing oil at a rate of 1.2 million barrels per day (mb / d). The first batch of oil from the well was collected in a bathtub and then applied with a hand pump.
One of the biggest influences Drake's work had on today's oil companies is his use of pipelines. When Drake drilled for oil in 1859, he used cast iron piping to prevent the hole from collapsing at the point where his team came across rock. The tools were then placed in the pipe so that the drilling could continue with steam.
The United States consumes more oil and gas than any other country in the world, according to the US Energy Information Administration.
That is 14.46 million barrels per day, and that sum is not fully spent, but it is more than twice as much oil and gas per capita in the United States.
According to the EIA, the US imported 10.1 million barrels per day in 2017, but its output growth was significant. The EIEA expects production to continue to rise, averaging 10.7 million barrels per day in 2018 and 11.5 million barrels per day in 2019.
American oil companies are becoming more digital as technological advances help cut costs later this year. Digital technology is helping companies maintain plants and develop their oilfields, according to a new report from the Energy Information Administration.
While global oil and gas companies together generate $2.4 million in operating costs, US companies are taking advantage of cost and technology savings. American businesses are becoming much more efficient through digital technological advances, which the report says potentially improves revenue and income.
If the scope is extended to North America, there are enough pipelines that would pass through the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa to flow into the Gulf of Mexico, making it one of the world's largest oil and gas markets.
In the Appalachian Basin, nearly 12,000 horizontal wells are being produced, and drilling is increasing as the area is used to bring energy reserves to market. The Appalachians have a large oil and gas production line that borders North Carolina, South Carolina and West Virginia, as well as parts of Georgia, Kentucky and Tennessee.